This article is about the Smithing skill. For information on training Smithing, see Smithing training (F2P) (P2P).

Smithing is a production skill through which players may create a wide variety of metal items from ore and metal bars. It is the companion skill of Mining, which generates all of the raw materials used in Smithing. Ores acquired from Mining are smelted into metal bars at furnaces, and then hammered into items at anvils. Many smithable items are useful in combat, quests, and the training of a number of other skills such as Crafting and Fletching.

Members-only items on this page are written in italics.

Audio options icon
Smithing level-up music (link)
The music that plays when levelled up.


For a list of furnaces, see Furnace.
Smelting is the process of extracting a metal bar from a metal ore. Ore can be obtained using the Mining skill. To obtain a metal bar, a player must use an ore of the desired metal on a furnace. Some metals require different kinds of ore, and smelting some metals require coal to be added to the furnace to raise the furnace's temperature.

Smelting can be done in one of two ways. The first is to use one of the required ores for a bar on the furnace. Other required ores will automatically be added to the furnace from the player's inventory. The other way is to click on the furnace, right-click on the desired bar to smelt, click on "Smelt X", and then type in the number of bars to smelt. The second method is faster for bulk smelting.

When smelting just a few ores, it can be faster to choose the 'Smelt 5' or 'Smelt 10' options, as bars will be smelted until the player runs out of ore.

Smelting using Magic

With level 43 Magic, players can smelt bars using the Superheat Item spell. Doing so grants the same amount of Smithing experience as smelting using a furnace, and has a few advantages:

  • The player can emerge from a mine with a full inventory of bars, instead of a full inventory of ores which will smelt into only a fraction of the bars.
  • The player receives both Smithing and Magic experience.
  • The player saves time by not having to commute between a bank and a furnace.
  • The player is granted a 100% success rate in smelting iron ore.

Success rate

All metals have a 100% success rate with the exception of iron ore, which has a 50% chance of success, regardless of level; however wearing a ring of forging, using the Superheat Item spell, or using the Blast Furnace provides a 100% success rate for smithing iron bars. A failed smelting attempt results in the loss of the iron ore.

Smelting table

Bar Ores required Smithing level required Smithing exp gained Notes Material cost Value Profit / loss[1]
Bronze bar Bronze Tin ore x1
Copper ore x1
1 6.25 Lowest tier metal. 172 254 82
Blurite bar Blurite Blurite ore x1 8 8 Requires completion of The Knight's Sword quest.
Iron bar Iron Iron ore x1 15 12.5 Smelting iron ore at a furnace will fail 50% of the time. See smelting iron ore. 152
186 -59
Silver bar Silver Silver ore x1 20 13.67 A Crafting metal. Used to create various silver items. 72 111 39
Elemental metal Elemental Elemental ore x1
Coal x4
20 7.5 Used in the Elemental Workshop I and Elemental Workshop II quests.
Steel bar Steel Iron ore x1
Coal x2
30 17.5 The most average metal. 482 511 29
Gold bar Gold Gold ore x1 40 22.5 (56.2) [3] A Crafting metal, more valuable than silver, used to create various gold items (but not coins). 212 47 -165
Mithril bar Mithril Mithril ore x1
Coal x4
50 30 The lightest smithable metal. 828 710 -118
Adamantite bar Adamantite Adamantite ore x1
Coal x6
70 37.5 The heaviest smithable metal. 2,076 1,993 -83
Runite bar Runite Runite ore x1
Coal x8
85 50 The strongest smithable metal, also considered to be the most profitable bar in the game. 12,597 12,444 -153
  1. These are based on smelting in a Furnace. For using magic to smelt items: see Superheat Item
  2. 2.0 2.1 This is based on using the Ring of forging for smelting, guaranteeing successful smelting of iron.
  3. Wearing Goldsmith gauntlets increases the experience gained from smelting gold bars.


For a list of anvils, see Anvil.
Smithing is the process by which players craft a metal item out of one or more metal bars.

Smithing is always done at an anvil. When a player uses a metal bar on an anvil, a dialog is shown in which the player selects which item to forge. The player can either click the item to smith one such item, or may right-click on the item and select a higher quantity of items to smith.

Note: Once a player has selected a quantity of items to smith, the player's character will only cease smithing once the quantity is filled, the player has run out of bars, the player levels up, or the player is attacked.

For players attempting to raise their Smithing level, it is recommended that players first have a large number of bars in their bank, thus allowing fast experience as only trips between a bank and an anvil are needed.

Different Smithing levels are required to make different items. For the required levels for all items, see Smithing table.

Smithing table

Below is a table with information about Smithing and what players can create. It is important to note that black armour and weapons cannot be smithed.

If you are wondering about how to find experience, take experience for 1 bar and multiply it by the number of bars you're using. For example, a bronze platebody is 62.5 experience using 5 bars. 1 bar is 12.5 exp, so go 5 * 12.5 = 62.5. Works for all types, from bronze to runite.


Image Item Level Experience Bars Notes
Bronze daggerDagger112.51
Bronze axeAxe112.51
Bronze maceMace212.51
Bronze med helmMedium helmet312.51
Bronze bolts (unf) 5Bolts312.511 bar makes 10.
Bronze swordSword412.51
Bronze wireBronze wire412.51
Bronze dart tipDart tips412.511 bar makes 10.
Bronze nailsNails412.511 bar makes 15.
Bronze arrowtipsArrowtips512.511 bar makes 15.
Bronze scimitarScimitar5252
Bronze spearSpear5251Also requires 1 normal log and Barbarian Training.
Bronze hastaHasta5251Also requires 1 normal log and Barbarian Training.
Bronze limbsCrossbow limbs612.51
Bronze javelin heads 5Javelin heads612.511 bar makes 5.
Bronze longswordLongsword6252
Bronze full helmFull helm7252
Bronze knifeThrowing knives712.511 bar makes 5.
Bronze sq shieldSquare shield8252
Bronze warhammerWarhammer937.53
Bronze battleaxeBattleaxe1037.53
Bronze chainbodyChainbody1137.53
Bronze kiteshieldKiteshield1237.53
Bronze clawsClaws13252
Bronze 2h sword2h sword1437.53
Bronze platelegsPlatelegs1637.53
Bronze plateskirtPlateskirt1637.53
Bronze platebodyPlatebody1862.55


Image Item Level Experience Bars Notes
Iron daggerDagger15251
Iron axeAxe16251
Iron maceMace17251
Iron spitIron spit17251
Iron med helmMedium helmet18251
Iron bolts (unf) 5Bolts182511 bar makes 10.
Iron swordSword19251
Iron dart tipDart tips192511 bar makes 10.
Iron nailsNails192511 bar makes 15.
Iron arrowtipsArrowtips202511 bar makes 15.
Iron scimitarScimitar20502
Iron spearSpear20501Also requires 1 oak log and Barbarian Training.
Iron hastaHasta20501Also requires 1 oak log and Barbarian Training.
Iron javelin heads 5Javelin heads212511 bar makes 5.
Iron longswordLongsword21502
Iron full helmFull helmet22502
Iron knifeThrowing knives222511 bar makes 5.
Iron limbsCrossbow limbs23251
Iron sq shieldSquare shield23502
Iron warhammerWarhammer24753
Iron battleaxeBattleaxe25753
Oil lantern frameOil lantern frame26251Used as a light source.
Iron chainbodyChainbody26753
Iron kiteshieldKiteshield27753
Iron clawsClaws2850 2
Iron 2h sword2h sword29753
Iron platelegsPlatelegs31753
Iron plateskirtPlateskirt31753
Iron platebodyPlatebody331255


Image Item Level Experience Bars Notes
Steel daggerDagger3037.51
Steel axeAxe3137.5 1
Steel maceMace3237.51
Steel med helmMedium helmet3337.51
Steel bolts (unf) 5Bolts3337.511 bar makes 10.
Steel swordSword3437.51
Steel dart tipDart tips3437.511 bar makes 10.
Steel nailsNails3437.511 bar makes 15.
Steel arrowtipsArrowtips3537.511 bar makes 15.
CannonballCannonballs3525.511 bar makes 4.
Steel scimitarScimitar35752
Steel spearSpear35751Also requires 1 willow log and Barbarian Training.
Steel hastaHasta35751Also requires 1 willow log and Barbarian Training.
Steel limbsCrossbow limbs3637.51
Steel javelin heads 5Javelin heads3637.511 bar makes 5.
Steel longswordLongsword36752
Steel studsSteel studs3637.51Used for crafting studded leather armour.
Steel full helmFull helmet37752
Steel knifeThrowing knives3737.511 bar makes 5.
Steel sq shieldSquare shield38752
Steel warhammerWarhammer39112.53
Steel battleaxeBattleaxe40112.53
Steel chainbodyChainbody41112.5 3
Steel kiteshieldKiteshield42112.53
Steel clawsClaws43752
Steel 2h sword2h sword44112.53
Steel platelegsPlatelegs46112.53
Steel plateskirtPlateskirt46112.53
Steel platebodyPlatebody48187.55
Bullseye lantern (unf)Bullseye lantern (unf)4937.51Used as a light source.


Image Item Level Experience Bars Notes
Gold helmetGold Helmet50303Learned during Between a Rock...
Gold bowlBowl50302Learned during Legends' Quest


Image Item Level Experience Bars Notes
Mithril daggerDagger50501
Mithril axeAxe51501
Mithril maceMace52501
Mithril med helmMedium helmet53501
Mithril bolts (unf) 5Bolts535011 bar makes 10.
Mithril swordSword54501
Mithril dart tipDart tips545011 bar makes 10.
Mithril nailsNails545011 bar makes 15.
Mithril arrowtips 5Arrowtips555011 bar makes 15.
Mithril scimitarScimitar551002
Mithril spearSpear551001Also requires 1 maple log and Barbarian Training.
Mithril hastaHasta551001Also requires 1 maple log and Barbarian Training.
Mithril limbsCrossbow limbs56501
Mithril javelin heads 5Javelin heads565011 bar makes 5.
Mithril longswordLongsword561002
Mithril full helmFull helm571002
Mithril knifeThrowing knives575011 bar makes 5.
Mithril sq shieldSquare shield581002
Mithril warhammerWarhammer591503
Mith grappleMith grapple59501
Mithril battleaxeBattleaxe601503
Mithril chainbodyChainbody611503
Mithril kiteshieldKiteshield621503
Mithril clawsClaws63100 2
Mithril 2h sword2h sword641503
Mithril platelegsPlatelegs661503
Mithril plateskirtPlateskirt661503
Mithril platebodyPlatebody682505


Image Item Level Experience Bars Notes
Adamant daggerDagger7062.51
Adamant axeAxe7162.51
Adamant maceMace7262.51
Adamant med helmMedium helmet7362.51
Adamant bolts(unf) 5Bolts7362.511 bar makes 10.
Adamant swordSword7462.51
Adamant dart tipDart tips7462.511 bar makes 10.
Adamantite nailsNails7462.511 bar makes 15.
Adamant arrowtipsArrowtips7562.511 bar makes 15.
Adamant scimitarScimitar751252
Adamant spearSpear751251Also requires 1 yew log and Barbarian Training.
Adamant hastaHasta751251Also requires 1 yew log and Barbarian Training.
Adamantite limbsCrossbow limbs7662.51
Adamant javelin heads 5Javelin heads7662.511 bar makes 5.
Adamant longswordLongsword761252
Adamant full helmFull helmet771252
Adamant knifeThrowing knives7762.511 bar makes 5.
Adamant sq shieldSquare shield781252
Adamant warhammerWarhammer79187.53
Adamant battleaxeBattleaxe80187.53
Adamant chainbodyChainbody81187.53
Adamant kiteshieldKiteshield82187.53
Adamant clawsClaws83125 2
Adamant 2h sword2h sword84187.53
Adamant platelegsPlatelegs86187.53
Adamant plateskirtPlateskirt86187.53
Adamant platebodyPlatebody88312.55


Image Item Level Experience Bars Notes
Rune daggerDagger85751
Rune axeAxe86751
Rune maceMace87751
Rune med helmMedium helmet88751
Runite bolts (unf) 5Bolts887511 bar makes 10.
Rune swordSword89751
Rune dart tipDart tips897511 bar makes 10.
Rune nailsNails897511 bar makes 15.
Rune arrowtipsArrowtips907511 bar makes 15.
Rune scimitarScimitar901502
Rune spearSpear901501Also requires 1 magic log and Barbarian Training.
Rune hastaHasta901501Also requires 1 magic log and Barbarian Training.
Runite limbsCrossbow limbs91751
Rune javelin heads 5Javelin heads917511 bar makes 5.
Rune longswordLongsword911502
Rune full helmFull helmet921502
Rune knifeThrowing knives927511 bar makes 5.
Rune sq shieldSquare shield931502
Rune warhammerWarhammer942253
Rune battleaxeBattleaxe952253
Rune chainbodyChainbody962253
Rune kiteshieldKiteshield972253
Rune clawsClaws98150 2
Rune 2h sword2h sword992253
Rune platelegsPlatelegs992253
Rune plateskirtPlateskirt992253
Rune platebodyPlatebody993755


  • The closest furnaces to a bank are the Shilo Village furnace for members and the Al Kharid furnace for free players. The furnace at Shilo Village costs to use before the completion of elite Karamja Diary, however. The Edgeville, Port Phasmatys, Neitiznot, and Falador furnaces are also all quite close to banks. The Edgeville furnace also gives a chance to smelt two ores at once while wearing Varrock armour with each completed set of Varrock Diary.
  • It is often more efficient to break up the tasks of mining, smelting (unless superheating), and smithing, rather than trying to mine 28 ores, smelt them, and then smith them (although in Al Kharid the furnace is on the way to the bank).
  • The anvils located nearest a bank on the Void Knights' Outpost, Yanille (just south of the bank), and Varrock (just south of the west bank). To reach the Void Knights' Outpost island, talk to the squire south of the Port Sarim dock. There are multiple anvils on this island, located 10 or so seconds (walking) from the bank - this is extremely quick, if smithing bars into weapons, armour, etc.

Making money

If a player's Magic level is 55 and their smithing level is 48, then they can make a great amount of money, but only if they mine the ores themselves.

Using the High Level Alchemy spell (also known as "high alching"), a player can make a great profit. When a player high alchs a steel platebody, they receive 1,200 coins. So if a player has 100 steel platebodies, and they have enough runes to high alch them, then they've just made 120,000 coins. The only con is that high alching can be slow and boring, and the player has to have enough runes to cast the spell.

Players have the option to either cast high alchemy on the items they made with smithing, to sell them to general store/specialty store, or to sell them on the Grand Exchange for a slightly lower profit. High alchemy is probably your best option. But if you don't care about magic experience and if the relative price of nature runes is too high for you (for the items you want to get rid off), you could decide to sell your items. It is not recommended to sell your items to most general stores —since they usually buy at low alchemy value— but there are however a few good stores you can use. The Jiminua's Jungle Store north of Tai Bwo Wannai village on Karamja with the karamja gloves 3/4 is the one that is highly recommended, because they buy for way above even the high alch value. (1.75x the low alch value, to be exact). There are some other general stores that buy at high alch value, such as the general store run by Martin Thwait in the Rogue's den (Martin Thwait's Lost and Found), the West Ardougne General Store, and the Bandit duty free in the Bandit camp in the Wilderness (although this one is NOT recommended due to its dangerous location). Keep in mind that the buy price at general stores decreases rapidly the more items it has in stock, so it's recommended to hop around frequently if you decide to sell your items.

Generally, the best things to use high-alchemy on are either swords or platebodies - these items yield the most coins per bar (the exception is rune). There is a full High Level Alchemy table below.

At level 40 Smithing with level 6 Crafting and a necklace mould, gold necklace can be made at the same furnace in which gold ore is smelted into gold bars. Grum's Gold Exchange in Port Sarim buys a gold necklace for 315 coins if his stock is zero; the price decreases 9 coins for each gold necklace in stock, dropping to 45 coins at a stock of 30 or more. Selling to a general store gives only 180 coins or less. High alching (270 coins) using nature runes (239 each) may be a poor value unless a player is able to runecraft nature runes (level 44 Runecrafting and members-only).

High Level Alchemy values
Item Level Value Value/bar Value/ore
Iron swordIron sword19545454
Iron platebodyIron platebody3333667.267.2
Steel swordSteel sword3419519565
Steel platebodySteel platebody481,20024080
Mithril swordMithril sword54507507101
Mithril platebodyMithril platebody683,120624125
Adamant swordAdamant sword741,2481,248178
Adamant platebodyAdamant platebody887,6801,536219
Rune swordRune sword8912,48012,4801,387
Rune 2h swordRune 2h sword9938,40012,8001,422

Experience per ore used

This compares how much experience is earned for the number of ores used. Gold using the members' Goldsmith gauntlets is first with 56.2 experience; iron is second with 37.5 experience.

The Keldagrim Blast Furnace minigame requires only half the number of coal for steel, mithril, adamantite and runite smelting and iron smelts 100% without the ring of forging.

Bar Number of ores Total
Experience/ore Blast Furnace
Bronze barBronze2199.59.5
Iron barIron1 (50% success)18.818.837.5
Iron barIron1 + Ring of forging37.537.537.5
Steel barSteel35518.327.5
Gold barGold122.522.522.5
Gold barGold1 + Goldsmith gauntlets56.256.256.2
Mithril barMithril5801626.7
Adamantite barAdamantite710014.325
Runite barRunite912513.825

High Level Alchemy table

The items listed below are the ones most players use in High Level Alchemy.

Item Bars High alch/Specialist store price Steel
Bronze Iron Steel Mithril Addy Rune
Medium helmet114501804681,15211,520180
Full helmet226923308582,11221,120165
Square shield2281003609362,30423,040180
Two-handed sword3481686001,5603,84038,400200
Platebody5963361,2003,1209,984 39,000240

Temporary boosts

Main article: Temporary skill boost
Image Name Boost Level to obtain/use Notes
Dwarven stout Dwarven stout 1 Can be brewed at Cooking icon 19 or bought Also boosts Mining by 1
Dwarven stout(m) Dwarven stout(m) 2 Can be brewed at Cooking icon 19 Also boosts Mining by 2
Spicy stew Orange spicy stew -5 to +5 Cooking icon 25 -5 and +5 are rare
Smithing cape Smithing cape 1 Smithing icon 99 None

Quests rewarding Smithing experience

Quest Experience
Smithing req. Other requirements
Recipe for Disaster
(Pirate Pete subquest)
1,000 - 31 Cooking icon
Heroes' Quest2,257 - 55 Quest point icon, 53 Cooking icon, 53 Fishing icon, 25 Herblore icon, 50 Mining icon
The Giant Dwarf2,500 - 14 Thieving icon, 12 Crafting icon, 16 Firemaking icon, 33 Magic icon
Between a Rock...5,00050 Smithing icon 30 Defence icon, 40 Mining icon
Elemental Workshop I5,00020 Smithing icon 20 Crafting icon, 20 Mining icon
Devious Minds6,50065 Smithing icon 50 Runecrafting icon, 50 Fletching icon
Cabin Fever7,00050 Smithing icon 42 Agility icon, 45 Crafting icon, 40 Ranged icon
Elemental Workshop II7,50030 Smithing icon 20 Magic icon, 20 Crafting icon
The Knight's Sword12,725 - 10 Mining icon
Dragon Slayer II25,000 70 Smithing icon 200 Quest point icon, 75 Magic icon, 68 Mining icon, 62 Crafting icon, 60 Agility icon, 60 Thieving icon, 50 Construction icon, 50 Hitpoints icon
Total 74,482

Skill choice

Upon completing any of the following quests, players may choose to allocate experience to Smithing. These rewards usually come in the form of items, such as lamps or books, and are independent of any experience rewards directly received for completing the quest.

Quest Experience
Skills available Skill requirements
Client of Kourend500 twiceAny-
Fairytale II - Cure a Queen2,500 Any skill above 30 49 Farming icon, 57 Herblore icon
A Tail of Two Cats2,500 twice Any skill above 30 -
The Great Brain Robbery5,000 Any skill above 30 16 Crafting icon, 30 Construction icon, 50 Prayer icon
King's Ransom5,000 Any skill above 50 65 Defence icon
Darkness of Hallowvale2,000 three times Any skill above 30 5 Construction icon, 20 Mining icon, 22 Thieving icon, 32 Crafting icon, 33 Magic icon, 40 Strength icon
Curse of the Empty Lord
10,000 Any skill above 50 Some players will need 31 Prayer icon
The Tourist Trap4,650 twice Agility icon Fletching icon Smithing icon Thieving icon 10 Fletching icon, 20 Smithing icon
One Small Favour10,000 twice Any skill above 30 36 Agility icon, 25 Crafting icon, 18 Herblore icon, 30 Smithing icon
Recipe for Disaster
(The final battle)
20,000 Any skill above 50 175 Quest point icon, 48 Agility icon, 50 Mining icon, 53 Fishing icon, 53 Thieving icon, 25 Herblore icon, 59 Magic icon, 40 Smithing icon, 50 Firemaking icon, 40 Ranged icon, 40 Crafting icon, 10 Fletching icon, 10 Slayer icon, 36 Woodcutting icon
Legends' Quest7,650 four times Attack icon Strength icon Defence icon Magic icon Hitpoints icon Prayer icon Woodcutting icon Crafting icon Smithing icon Herblore icon Agility icon Thieving icon 107 Quest point icon, 50 Agility icon, 50 Crafting icon, 45 Herblore icon, 56 Magic icon, 52 Mining icon, 42 Prayer icon, 50 Smithing icon, 50 Strength icon, 50 Thieving icon, 50 Woodcutting icon
Total 114,400

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